In order to understand this particular diagram, it's critical that readers refer to the remark made in In Search of the Miraculous:
“There is a great deal of material in what you have just said,” said G., “but this material must be elaborated. If you can find out how to elaborate the material that you have now, you will understand a great deal that has not occurred to you till now. For example, take note that time is different in different cosmoses. And it can be calculated exactly, that is, it is possible to establish exactly how time in one cosmos is related to the time of another cosmos.
“I will add only one thing more:
“Time is breath--try to understand this.”
Excerpt taken from In Search of the Miraculous by P. D. Ouspensky, pub. Paul H. Crompton Ltd, 2004, p. 213.
The law of being-foods applies at all levels of the universe, and the universe itself has three principal being foods, of which the second is time. Understanding the interactions of these three being foods has a great deal to do with understanding the elementary structure of the cosmos.
Another interesting remark which is related but not necessarily germane to this diagram is below:
"I tried to remember everything that G. had said about cosmoses.
“Each cosmos is an animate and intelligent being. Each cosmos is born, lives, and dies. In one cosmos it is impossible to understand all the laws of the universe, but three cosmoses taken together include in themselves all the laws of the universe, or two cosmoses, the one above and the other below, determine the cosmos which stands between them.” “By passing in his consciousness to the level of a higher cosmos, a man by this very fact passes to a level of a lower cosmos.”
Excerpt taken from In Search of the Miraculous by P. D. Ouspensky, pub. Paul H. Crompton Ltd, 2004, p. 333.